image/svg+xml31XIV/1/2023INTERDISCIPLINARIA ARCHAEOLOGICANATURAL SCIENCES IN ARCHAEOLOGYhomepage: http://www.iansa.euThe Chronology of Monte d’Accoddi (Sardinia, Italy) – New Radiocarbon DatesMaria Grazia Melis1*1Department of History, Humanities and Education, University of Sassari, Via Zanfarino 62, 07100 Sassari, Italy1. IntroductionThe site of Monte d’Accoddi is to be found in north-western Sardinia, 3.4 km to the south of Platamona beach (Figure 1). The earliest feld investigations were carried out by Ercole Contu between 1952 and 1959. His work brought to light the most recent of the two monuments, which was built from large polygonal stone blocks. The excavation of the surrounding area led to the discovery of a village of quadrangular dry-walled huts (Figures 1–3). An examination of the fnds led him to attribute the construction of the monument to the frst phase of the Ozieri cultural facies (frst half of the 4thmillennium cal. BC). Finds of more recent dates are evidence of occupation in later phases of prehistory, whereas a stone ring may indicate earlier sporadic occupation during the Early or Middle Neolithic (Contu, 1992; 2000).A second series of feld investigations was carried out between 1979 and 1989. These were followed by large-scale rebuilding and restoration of the monument (Figure 2), implemented on the basis of a hypothetical reconstruction by Santo Tiné, who had directed the stratigraphic excavations. The most important discovery was the identifcation, within the monument itself, of a more ancient building, featuring red-painted wall plaster and with its own ramp, and containing at its summit, a rectangular sacellum. Also of great signifcance was the acquisition of six radiocarbon dates, which have enlivened the debate over the chronology of the construction phases (Tinè and Traverso, 1992).More recent studies include those undertaken by Antonella Traverso on a portion of the pottery fnds recovered during the excavations directed by Tinè. These studies contributed to the interpretation of the stratigraphic sequence, as well as identifying morphological and technological characteristics of the fnds themselves (Traverso, 2005–2007).The earliest research by the author of this paper was aimed at the morphological and typological study of pottery fnds from Hut p-s, attributed to an occupation phase of the 3rdmillennium cal. BC. Subsequently this research has been extended to all of the fnds recovered during the excavations directed by Ercole Contu, as part of a project aimed at: the overall analyses of stone, clay, hard animal materials and metal artefact production processes; defning the chronology of the building and its various phases of use; and the reconstruction of the character of the settlement that developed around this central monument.As the radiocarbon results published by Tinè and their subsequent interpretation were inconsistent with the chronological and cultural framework of Sardinian Volume XIV     ●     Issue 1/2023     ●     Pages 31–40*Corresponding author. E-mail: mgmelis@uniss.itARTICLE INFOArticle history:Received: 11thJuly 2022Accepted: 2nd November 2022DOI: words:chronologyradiocarbonMonte d’AccoddiprehistorySardiniaABSTRACTThe shrine at Monte d’Accoddi constitutes an architectural unicumin the context of the Mediterranean of the 4thmillennium cal. BC. The building comprised of a terrace with an access ramp, a form that has led to an ongoing debate as to the possible origins of this architectural model. In its earliest phase, attributable to the frst half of the 4th millennium cal. BC, the edifce consisted of a truncated pyramidal core. During the second half of the same millennium this was englobed by a second building, similar to the frst in general shape, but much larger and with a central, possibly stepped, core. The site was occupied during the 3rdmillennium cal. BC and occasionally so during the following proto-historic and subsequent phases of history. This paper will present new radiocarbon dates that will help to defne the construction and occupation phases of the monument as well as the settlement that grew around it.
image/svg+xmlIANSA 2023 ● XIV/1 ● 31–40Maria Grazia Melis: The Chronology of Monte d’Accoddi (Sardinia, Italy) – New Radiocarbon Dates32prehistory, in an early phase of research they were re-examined and compared to new dates originating from other sites, with the aim of clarifying the chronology of the monument. The results confrmed Contu’s hypothetical attribution of the early construction phase to the frst half of the 4thmillennium cal. BC (Final Neolithic; cultural facies of Ozieri I) and of the second to the second half of the 4thmillennium cal. BC (Early Eneolithic; cultural faciesof