image/svg+xml123XI/1/2020InterdIscIplInarIa archaeologIcanatural scIences In archaeologyhomepage: http://www.iansa.euA look at the regionLaboratory of Geoarchaeology of Institute of Geology of the Czech Academy of SciencesLenka Lisáa*aInstitute of Geology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Rozvojová 269, Prague 6, 165 00, Czech Republic1. IntroductionGeoarchaeology is, or at least should be, an integral part of modern archaeological research. However, the integration of geoarchaeology into archaeological research – in essence, the adoption of a multidisciplinary approach – depends on several aspects. Archaeological research usually takes place either as a so-called rescue excavation or as part of a pre-planned project. In the case of the latter, there should be no doubt about the inclusion of a multidisciplinary approach in the fnancial plans of the project, but in the case of rescue excavation, the fnancial possibilities always depend on the investor’s options or the strategy of the archaeological institution (company).A geoarchaeological approach means the application of geological methodological approaches for the interpretation of formation processes within archaeological situations. However, it is often understood on several levels and can include, for example: study of the provenance of building materials; the petroarchaeological study of ceramics (archaeometry); and also, the study of formation processes that have played a role in the formation of a contemporary landscape. Another geoarchaeological approach is, for example, the study of anthropogenic sediments, both in terms of their geochemical signal and in terms of a sediment’s structural elements. The sedimentary and related pedological record represents an environmental archive, which (with the appropriate methods) can provide invaluable information for the interpretation of the archaeological record in both a narrower and broader context.At present, several institutions (and/or companies) specialize in geoarchaeological research in the Czech Republic, and most of these workplaces apply slightly diferent approaches. However, this paper does not aim to map in detail the Czech Republic’s specialized geoarchaeological workplaces. But to give an idea of the variability of specialization of individual laboratories, it can be mentioned (taken at random) that: the Institute of Geological Sciences of the Faculty of Science of Masaryk University in Brno ofers archaeometrical approaches (Přichystal, 2013), and approaches related to alluvial geoarchaeology (Petřík et al., 2019); while Mendel University in Brno, for example, specializes in the study of pedological characteristics within archaeological sites (Rejšeket al., 2019); and archaeometric Volume XI ● Issue 1/2020 ● Pages 123–130*Corresponding author. E-mail: lisa@gli.cas.czARtICle InfoArticle history:Received: 29thJune 2020Accepted: 13thJuly 2020DOI: words:geoarcheologyarchaeological researchformation processeschemical analysesmicromorphologyAbStRACtGeoarchaeology is an established feld of science in which geological principles are applied for the interpretation of archaeological situations. However, geoarchaeological laboratories are still not a self-evident part of archaeological institutions or archaeological companies. For this cooperation, specialized workplaces at universities, laboratories of the Geological Survey or institutes of the Czech Academy of Sciences usually serve. One such laboratory that specializes directly in geoarchaeology is the Laboratory of Geoarchaeology within the Department of Geological Processes of Institute of Geology of the Czech Academy of Sciences in Prague. The Geoarchaeological Laboratory participates in research both in the form of joint grant projects and on the basis of commercial cooperation. In the last ten years, several dozen studies published in impact publications, as well as several dozen projects published in the form of research reports, have been produced. The activities of the Georcheological Laboratory are not limited to the territory of the Czech Republic, as cooperation on projects in the rest of Europe, Africa and Asia have also taken place.
image/svg+xmlIANSA 2020 ● XI/1 ● 123–130Lenka Lisá: Laboratory of Geoarchaeology of Institute of Geology of the Czech Academy of Sciences124