image/svg+xml103 IX/1/2018 InterdIscIplInarIa archaeologIca natural scIences In archaeology homepage: A look at the region OREA: The Institute for Oriental and European Archaeology, Austrian Academy of Sciences Barbara Horejs a* a Austrian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Oriental and European Archaeology, Hollandstraße 11–13, A-1020 Vienna, Austria 1. Institutional history The Institute for Oriental and European Archaeology (OREA) was founded in 2013 by uniting three long-established commissions: the Prehistoric Commission, the Commission for Egypt and the Levant and the Mycenaean Commission. The study of the past was one of the main concerns when the Austrian Academy of Sciences was founded in 1847. Accordingly, the “Commission for the promotion of prehistoric research and excavations on Austrian territory“, set up by the Division of Mathematics and Natural Sciences in 1878, is one of the oldest research units of the Academy. The “Egyptian Commission” was founded in 1907 and the “Commission for Mycenaean research” was added signifcantly later, in 1971. After an international evaluation in autumn 2015, the OREA institute was permanently established at the Austrian Academy of Sciences in June 2016. 2. Institutional structure and facilities The OREA research team currently comprises a director, assistant director, sixty-three research staf, four editorial staf, and three administrative staf, with an additional twenty-fve afliated scientists. The Institute houses a subject library with an active acquisition programme, several archives, a lecture room, and seminar room. Additional facilities include a Raw Materials Laboratory and a Digital Archaeology Lab. The Institute also houses the Collection Schachermeyr of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceramics. Fritz Schachermeyr, who was Chair of the Mycenaean Commission from its founding in 1971 until his death in 1987, built an impressive ceramic collection covering the entire eastern Mediterranean. The collection, consisting of around 2000 fragments and some entire ceramic vessels, was donated to the OREA institute to guarantee access to experts for ceramic studies. A permanent exhibition of selected sherds was installed at OREA in 2017 using historic display cases from the Schachermeyr period.In recent years, the Institute has focused on digitizing archaeological data from older excavations and collections. For Volume IX ● Issue 1/2018 ● Pages 103–109 *Corresponding author. E-mail: ArtIClE InfO Article history: Received: 10 th April 2018Accepted: 10 th August 2018 DOI: 10.24916/iansa.2018.1.7 Key words: OrientEuropeeconomyidentityinterdisciplinary studiesenvironmentdigital archaeology AbStrACt The Institute for Oriental and European Archaeology is one of Austria’s leading research facilities for archaeological research and covers essential prehistoric and early historical cultural developments from the Near East to Europe. The orient and occident are frequently understood as counterpoints in diferent worlds and explored separately. In this research institute, these areas are deliberately considered a common cultural bracket for crucial advances of human (pre)history and are therefore explored together. The focus of basic research lies in the time horizon from the Quaternary, about 2.6 million years ago, to the transformation of societies into historical epochs in the frst millennium BC.
image/svg+xmlIANSA 2018 ● IX/1 ● 103–109 Barbara Horejs: OREA: The Institute for Oriental and European Archaeology, Austrian Academy of Sciences 104 example, documentation of excavations at the Urnfeld Culture site of Thunau-am-Kamp, a fortifed hilltop settlement, is almost completely digitized in cooperation between OREA, the county of Lower Austria, and the Austrian Centre for Digital Humanities (ACDH) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. The extensive analysis and interpretation of the Late Bronze Age cemetery of Franzhausen-Kokoron includes a digital, interactive open-access catalogue, via the Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, with overview plan, basic inventory data, and photographs and drawings of fnds and contexts ( Material from the cemetery of Inzersdorf forms the basis of a 2017 Masters thesis by M. Fritzl. These eforts also provide a basis for collaboration between research groups, for example between Urnfeld Culture Networks and Prehistoric Identities. Various other archive materials, such as the intensive collection of excavation data from Tell el-Dab’a in Egypt, are in process of digitalization and re-organisation for long-term storage and open access presentation in the future ( 3. Research Research methods include archaeological feldwork (excavations and surveys), material culture studies with diverse archaeometric methods, and interdisciplinary cooperation with a range of diferent disciplines, including archaeozoology, archaeobotany, anthracology, biological anthropology, palaeogenetics, climatology, geoarchaeology and landscape modelling. The basic analysis and interpretation of early cultures lies at the core of research eforts, which aim to include all possible sources. The study of chronologies, art and early writing as well as a broad socio-cultural spectrum including religion, ideologies and identities compliment research at the institute, with the main foci being: Prehistory in the Orient & Europe. Archaeology from the Pleistocene to Early State Societies. Environments & Economies, Digital Archaeology. Interdisciplinary Studies of Resources & Identities.OREA researchers cover a wide range of disciplines from Prehistoric Archaeology, Egyptology, Sudanese Archaeology, Near/Middle Eastern and early Greek Archaeology to various philologies, Anthropology, Digital Archaeology and Raw Material Studies. In 2018, about 70 OREA researchers are working in 17 countries in Europe and the Near East conducting feldwork at sites spanning from the Palaeolithic to the Bronze Age.For ongoing national and international quality assurance as well as additional research funding, the Institute strives for