image/svg+xml143 VII/1/2016 INTERDISCIPLINARIA ARCHAEOLOGICA NATURAL SCIENCES IN ARCHAEOLOGY homepage: http://www.iansa.eu A look at the region Rescuing the Past – Preventive Archaeology and Archeoenviromental Services, Labrys, o. p. s., Czech Republic Milan Kuchařík a* a Labrys, o. p. s., Hloubětínská 16/11, 19000 Prague 9, Czech Republic 1. Aim and scope of the company Labrys Company focuses on a wide spectrum of activities related to the research of historic monuments, primarily on preventive archaeology and scientifc research activities in the Czech Republic. From the very beginning, we have directed our activities towards multidisciplinary environmental research. Building on our projects to rescue historic monuments in 2011, we have expanded our activities into felds that focus on standing architectural monuments (historical building research).The mainstays of our activity are the increase of archaeological capacities in the region, feld research on prehistoric sites and medieval stratigraphic locations, standardisation of processes in feld archaeology, and multidisciplinary research of cultural heritage. 2. Institutional history The non-governmental organisation Labrys, o. p. s., was established in 2006 as a private research institution focusing mainly on preventive archaeology (or “rescue” archaeology). Between 2006 and 2008 we operated exclusively in Prague. In 2009 we expanded to the Hradec Králové and Pardubice regions and later to the rest of the Czech Republic.It was our goal to implement and intensify functional preventive archaeology in the Czech Republic region where this type of research activity is still rather underdeveloped. 3. Organisation structure and employees Currently, the company is comprised of its headquarters and the departments of feld research, project preparation, environmental research, and internal services. Headquarters is in charge of administrative support while the department of project preparation communicates with investors, prepares research, and reports on territorial archaeological studies including prospecting the terrain. The department of feld research uses specialists to conduct excavations. The department of environmental research ensures preparation, expert evaluation of samples, and drawing up of assessments. The department of internal services is in charge of the conservation, documentation, and proprietary record keeping of archaeological fndings. At the moment, there are two workplaces in Prague, one in Dvůr Králové nad Labem, and the other in Pardubice. Volume VII ● Issue 1/2016 ● Pages 143–147 *Corresponding author. E-mail: kucharik@labrys.cz ARTICLE INFO Article history: Received: 21 st August 2016Accepted: 21 st November 2016 Keywords: preventive archaeologyanthropologyosteologypaleobotanystratigraphic seqences ABSTRACT The non-governmental organisation Labrys, o. p. s., was established in 2006 as a private research establishment focusing mainly on preventive archaeology. The Labrys Company focuses on a wide spectrum of activities related to research on historic monuments, primarily on rescue archaeology and associated scientifc research activities. The mainstays of our activities are the increase of archaeological capacities in the regions of the Czech Republic, feld research of ancient and medieval stratigraphic locations, standardisation of processes in archaeology, and the multidisciplinary research of our cultural heritage.
image/svg+xmlIANSA 2016 ● VII/1 ● 143–147Milan Kuchařík: Rescuing the Past – Preventive Archaeology and Archeoenviromental Services, Labrys o.p.s., Czech Republic 144 The company has twelve permanent professional employees: seven archaeologists, a geologist, an anthropologist, an archaeozoologist, and two archaeobotanists. There are ten other employees on the technical staf. During the season, we hire up to 120 workers for our feld activity. 4. Preventive archaeology Preventive archaeology is the process of protecting the archaeological heritage from landscape planning and onto rescue excavation. During the longest building boom in Czech Republic’s history (until 2008) we completed up to 450 feld research projects a year, ranging from small-scale supervision to large-scale excavation. Currently, we conduct about 150 feld research projects a year. Between 2011 and 2014, our main activity was rescue research completion for structures fnanced by EU Structural Funds. This period included rescue archaeological excavations associated with the revitalisation of historical sites, such as: Litomyšl Castle (Figures 1, 2), Kuks Hospital, the Benedictine Monastery in Broumov and Sázava Glassworks. Major projects have included research on the heart of medieval cities, the revitalisation of the central square and adjacent streets in Dvůr Králové nad Labem, the reconstruction of the Municipal Court in Prague and reconstruction of the Museum of Decorative Arts in Prague, which uncovered an abundance of large collections of medieval and early modern fndings. Signifcant research on the transportation infrastructure includes the extension of the tramline Podbaba – ČD Podbaba