image/svg+xml163 V/2/2014 INTERDISCIPLINARIA ARCHAEOLOGICA NATURAL SCIENCES IN ARCHAEOLOGY homepage: http://www.iansa.eu A look at the region The Partnership in Research and Presentation of Archaeological Heritage Ladislav Šmejda a* a Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Philosophy and Arts, University of West Bohemia in Plzeň, Sedláčkova 15, 306 14, Plzeň, Czech Republic 1. Introduction The project Partnership in Research and Presentation of Archaeological Heritage was undertaken by a consortium of four institutions: The University of West Bohemia (UWB), Museum of West Bohemia (MWB), Archaeological Centre in Olomouc (ACO) and Palacký University in Olomouc (UPOL). The 3-year project ran from 9 th May 2011 to 30 th April 2014. The project preparation and implementation was coordinated by Ladislav Šmejda from the Department of Archaeology, University of West Bohemia. The managers from the partner institutions were Milan Metlička (MWB), Jaroslav Peška (ACO), and Pavlína Kalábková (UPOL).The overarching aim of the project was to create new, and bolster the existing, opportunities for cooperation between partner institutions or their departments involved in archaeological research and its popularization, as well as cultural heritage management and preservation. Two universities and two heritage management institutions joined their resources in this networking project, which allowed for linking the practical needs and considerations within the heritage and museum sector with university education and training. The selection of partner institutions refected the aim to include two different regional centres – specifcally Plzeň and Olomouc – which have a relatively strong standing within the discipline and a signifcant professional capacity to complement the strength of traditional research centres positioned in the capitals of Bohemia and Moravia (Prague and Brno respectively), which historically make up the Czech Republic. The project design provided ample scope for developing joint research cooperation and short-term training programmes and meetings aimed at knowledge dissemination. These were organized by the staff of the above-mentioned partner institutions and attended by university students, researchers and other culture heritage professionals from a large number of Czech institutions, as well as by numerous guests from abroad. The implementation of our plan was divided into fve key activities, representing the main tools for achieving the project goals. 2. Study visits to partner organisations (key activity #1) Specialists from all the partner institutions participating in the project took part in study trips and short internships, where they became familiar with the practical aspects of the Volume V ● Issue 2/2014 ● Pages 163–170 *Corresponding author. E-mail: smejda@kar.zcu.cz ARTICLE INFO Article history: Received: 5. December 2014Accepted: 30. December 2014 Keywords: archaeological researchcultural heritage managementacademic and museum practicepublic education and disseminationconferencesworkshops and seminarsinstitutional cooperation ABSTRACT This contribution presents a successful research and educational project, which was completed in 2014 at the University of West Bohemia in Plzeň in cooperation with 3 partner institutions. The project aimed at fnding innovative ways of collaboration amongst university, museum and culture heritage management sectors through sharing research and educational resources. This goal was achieved by joint research activities, mostly realized as feld schools with students’ participation, as well as through discussion of interdisciplinary topics conducted at educational and dissemination events, namely study stays, conferences, seminars and workshops.
image/svg+xmlIANSA 2014 ● V/2 ● 163–170 Ladislav Šmejda: The Partnership in Research and Presentation of Archaeological Heritage 164 everyday tasks carried out at the visited institutions and their individual departments. They participated in feld research and gained insight into the predominant routines of laboratory and documentation procedures. An important part of the visits consisted of extensive use of institutional libraries and feld reports for pursuing individual research interests, as well as opportunities to consult particular problems with specialists from the cooperating institutions. These discussions and involvement of visitors in the host’s daily agenda led to effective start-ups of new collaborative research plans and the strengthening of personal bonds between the professionals and graduate students of the networked institutions. This type of inter-institutional collaboration and research support has already generated new publications (Krištuf et al. 2012; Moravcová, Vokounová Franzeová 2012; Baierl et al. 2013; Gersdorfová et al. 2013; Hložek 2013; Hložek, Menšík 2013a, b, c). One of the most remarkable outcomes of this joint research was an archaeological contribution to the large published volume presenting the past of the town of Uničov from the frst human settlements up to the present (Burešová ed. 2013). This book received the award of the Olomouc Region for Outstanding Book of the Year. A number of these collaborative ventures provided opportunities for running training feld schools and courses for students, which represented another structural component of the project. 3. Field schools for students (key activity #2) During the period of project implementation (2011–2014), 25 feld schools of varied length and thematic content were realised in total for students of archaeology and related disciplines. These were aimed at obtaining practical feldwork skills and familiarity with surveying, sampling, excavating and recording of various types of archaeological sites (Figure 1). Field reports have been produced for each conducted campaign and on the basis of these a number of the results have already been published. Detailed publications and several larger studies containing extensive amounts of data are forthcoming and their preparation may be supported by additional follow-up projects.Our team covered a broad spectrum of chronological periods and categories of archaeological sites in order to offer undergraduate and postgraduate students from several universities varied stimuli and exposure to feld archaeology. We were focused on and conducted research on the following main categories of archaeological heritage:a) Palaeolithic and Mesolithic landscapes and sites, namely the Horní Bříza and Jistebsko regions (Moravcová, Vokounová Franzeová 2012; Moravcová et al. 2014). b) The Neolithic enclosure in Křimice. c) Prehistoric burial mounds, particularly a Late Eneolithic tumulus cemetery near Dřevohostice in East Moravia (Krištuf et al. 2012; Hejcman et al. 2013), the Middle Bronze Age burial mound Butov near Stříbro in West Bohemia (Metlička 2014) and to a minor extent various sites in South Bohemia (Menšík 2013). d) Intensive survey, an excavated section through the fortifcation and interdisciplinary research into the modifcations of the environment by human settlement at a multi-period stronghold in Plzeň-Hradiště (for an introduction to the site see Chytráček, Metlička 2004, 224–229). The results of this extremely data-rich feld project are the subject of detailed forthcoming publications.e) Mediaeval castles, keeps and their hinterlands, e.g. Liškův Hrad near Mítov, Loket, Tichá, Litice, Skála, Stod.f) Human burials from 19 th and 20 th centuries in Stříbro. 4. Thematic conferences (key activity #3) The project planned and organised six conferences with the aim of strengthening communication among researchers and aiding the dissemination of their ideas and fndings. The conference themes covered broad interdisciplinary research directions as well as narrower, more specialized topics. The list of events includes: 1. The Neolithic and Eneolithic in Central Europe , 19 th – 22 th September 2011, Mikulov (Peška, Trampota 2012). 2. Burial Archaeology: Burials under Barrows , 15 th – 17 th February 2012 Plzeň (published in the journal Archeologie západních Čech 5, 2013). 3. Computer Applications in Archaeology , 23 rd – 25 th May 2012, Loket. 4. Conference of Environmental Archaeology , 28 th – 30 th January 2013, České Budějovice. 5. Conference of Environmental Archaeology , 27 th – 28 th January 2014, Olomouc. 6. The Archaeology of Fortifcations , 13 th February 2014, Plzeň. 5. Seminars and workshops (key activity #4) The planned number of twelve seminars and workshops was successfully undertaken with an additional seminar which summarised the results of the project and presented plans for the future cooperation of the involved institutions. These meetings were usually smaller in scope than the conferences described in the previous section, more practically oriented with numerous hands-on activities, and with plenty of space for interaction among the participants (Figure 2). Their thematic range centred on modern approaches in archaeological practice and spanned from methods of archaeological prospection such as aerial reconnaissance or metal detector surveying, through techniques of archaeological recording (drawing, photography, 3D scanning), laboratory conservation protocols and analytical methods suitable for studying archaeological and anthropological materials, to
image/svg+xmlIANSA 2014 ● V/2 ● 163–170 Ladislav Šmejda: The Partnership in Research and Presentation of Archaeological Heritage 165 overviews of museum practice and regional archaeology. The project seminars and workshops were: 1. Aerial Archaeology workshop, 20 th – 24 th June 2011, Sazená. 2. Meeting of the Archaeological Working Group of East Bavaria/West Bohemia and South Bohemia/Upper Austria , 22 nd – 25 th June 2011, Stříbro. 3. Seminar entitled Preventive Archaeology – Metal Detecting – New Findings , 8 th – 9 th December 2011, Olomouc) + exhibition of fnds. 4. Workshop on Methods of Drawing and Photographic Documentation of Portable Archaeological Finds , 23 rd – 24 th February 2012, Olomouc. 5. Workshop on Field Photo-Documentation in Archaeology and Related Disciplines , 12 th September 2012, Olomouc. 6. Workshop on Methods of Drawing Documentation of Portable Archaeological Finds II – Lithics , 13 th – 14 th March 2013, Olomouc. 7. Seminar on Methods of Biological Anthropology: Field Methodology – Laboratory Analysis – Biological Characteristics – Identifcation of Individuals, 25 th – 26 th April 2013, Olomouc. 8. Workshop on Traditional Artistic and Artisan Metal-Working , 10 th – 12 th June 2013, Turnov. 9. Workshop on Methods of Conservation of Portable Archaeological Finds Made of Metal and Organic